In the previous paper, you had a chance to get some good ideas and facts on the analysis of Mary I personality. This Queen’s reign was closely related to such historical event as the Mid-Tudor Crisis. Of course, we cannot say that she was the main reason for this decay in the country’s life. However, she played a role in this event, and her policy was one of its causes. This was a historical period between 1547 and 1558. The first date meant the death of Henry VIII and the second one was his daughter Mary’s end. It was considered to be the global crisis in British life which touched almost all spheres of human activity. Nevertheless, some of the modern historians claim that it was one of the successful periods in English history, and all these statements about the decay were false. Anyway, in the majority of schools, it was taught as one of the major breakdowns in Tudor’s dynasty.
Its Main Causes
First of all, it is essential to understand the major reasons for this Mid-Tudor Crisis. It could not occur without any cause. Thus, well-known researchers developed several theories related to this event. The majority of them agree with the causes presented below. Sure, there were also some critics who tried to argue these hypotheses, but school and college courses are targeted on these facts.
Poor and Useless Rulers
A big part of specialists named this point as the main cause of the crisis. Definitely, there are no doubts that the policy of Tudors’ at those times can be greatly criticized. In the most cases, it was ineffective and pointless or targeted only on the higher social classes. For example, Edward VI was a weak and dumb boy. Everyone agreed that he could not rule the country successfully. Thus, the country suffered from lots of issues during his reign. More than one thousand rebellions happened during his age. Actually, England was ruled not by Edward VI himself but two of his regents Edward Seymour and John Dudley. After the death of this King, Mary I, whose policy we discussed in the previous paper, became the Queen. She was not a kind of good ruler and many of her actions and reforms were unsuccessful. She also lost the territory of Calais and was famous of her religious executions.
As a result of weak rulers of the country, there was an economic decay. The population grew quickly, but there was no possibility to provide a good quality of life for all these people. Hence, prices were greatly increased, and the problem of unemployment appeared. The economy was not stable, so wages of the ordinary workers became lower. People had to spend more than a half of their monthly income on products. Of course, no one was satisfied with such life conditions. Maybe, these economic causes become the major things for thousands of rebellions during this short time period.
Unsuccessful Foreign Policy
One of the major reasons for the decay of Tudors was the poor and unsuccessful foreign policy provided by English rulers. For example, Mary I was criticized a lot because of her actions and failures in this sphere. He lost the last English territory in France. This was a port of Calais. It happened because the Queen supported her husband, the Spanish king Philip II, in the war against France. On the other side, she was not the only one who failed with foreign policy. Somerset also started a pointless and expensive war against Scotland. It led not only to the loss of territory but also to the decay of the whole country. England suffered from the absence of stability at those times.
One more reason for the crisis and social instability in England was religious arguments and wars. As soon as the ruler of the country changed, the new system was applied which led to the dissatisfaction among people. For example, the King Henry provided traditional Catholicism while his son Edward VI changed this policy and made Protestantism the main body of the English Church. He even had quarrels with Mary I who refused to acknowledge it and had conservative views on this sphere. However, after she became the Queen, the country was turned back to Catholicism and Romanian system. Hence, she provided some strict and cruel laws in this field, for example, heresy laws. As a result, hundreds of people were burned just because they were Protestants.
All in all, many specialists follow the opinion that there was no crisis at all. As their main argument, these historians present the comparison with other periods of English history. Thus, they said it was not a kind of decay, and there were more sad and tragic periods when the country experienced the complete collapse. For example, Spanish Armada was considered to be a greater danger than wars with France and Scotland. The rebellions which occurred during this period were also minor in comparison with Pilgrimage of Grace. Moreover, many professionals in the history sphere find that reforms provided in the period of Mid-Tudor Crisis are the basis for next rulers’ success. For instance, the fame and popularity of Elizabeth I can be interpreted as the result of Mary I policies which were just improved and developed after her death.